A venous skin ulcer is a wound that happens when the veins are not properly returning blood back to the heart. This circulation difficulty is also known as venous insufficiency. A venous leg ulcer can also be known as a stasis leg ulcer.
Causes of Venous Ulcers
Venous ulcers occur due to poor circulation in the legs. Veins have valves that keep the blood flowing back to the heart; however, when suffering from venous insufficiency, these valves become damaged, cause the blood to back up and pool within the veins. Fluids can also leak out of the vein into the surrounding tissue to cause a breakdown of the tissue to cause an venous ulcer.
Symptoms of Venous Leg Ulcers
The first symptom you may experience is that the skin will turn dark purple or red in the area where the blood is leaking from the vein. The skin can also become dry, itchy, or thick. If medical treatment is not sought, the ulcer can become more painful, and you may also experience achy, swollen legs. The ulcer can also become infected, causing it to drain pus. The area can also become even more tender and/or red.
Diagnosing and Treating Venous Leg Ulcers
Venous ulcers in the legs are usually diagnosed using duplex Doppler ultrasound to determine what is actually causing the ulcer. This test will determine how well the blood is circulating. The first step in treatment is to improve blood circulation. This can be accomplished by:
• Elevating your legs above your heart as often as possible
• Wear compression stockings/bandages
• Walking daily to improve circulation
In some cases, the dead tissue may be removed. If these steps do not heal the ulcers, other treatments can include medication, vein surgery, or skin grafting.
Dr. Wright and his team are very knowledgeable about all vein diseases, including venous leg ulcers. Whether you are suffering from the first stages of vein disease or are suffering more advanced symptoms, Dr. Wright and his team can help.
Says Dr. Wright, “I understand the importance of vein health. I utilize many different tools and therapies to ensure that your veins remain healthy for your entire life. Whether you are suffering from cosmetic vein issues or more serious medical conditions, I urge you to schedule a consultation with us. We want to help you regain healthy veins!”